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Numerical Learning For Children
Children in this age bracket can progress in leaps or bounds, or develop skills at a steady pace. Children can generally order, read and write numbers to 999 by the age of eight. They have begun using tallies to record totals but some children may still be using simple drawings to support their explanation of problem solving.
1) Children understand the concept of numbers being on a number line and can use these as tools to support the development of mental counting strategies.
2) Children are now adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing. They are still talking about multiplication and division using the language of groups, fair shares and are not yet expected to know their times tables. Multiplication is talked about as repeated addition.
3) Children at this age are learning many strategies for counting and combining numbers for addition and subtraction. These strategies are linked to recognizing relationships between numbers such as doubling.
4) At this age children are also working with fractions using the terms halves and quarters.
This is linked to real life situations such as cutting a cake or pie into halves or quarters and finding the number of pieces. Children understand that a quarter is a half, halved again.