At this stage, your child's development involves the progressive building of learning skills, such as attention, memory and thinking. These crucial skills enable children to process sensory information and eventually learn to evaluate, analyze, remember, make comparisons and understand cause and effect.
What you need to know
Although some cognitive skill development is related to a child’s genetic makeup, most cognitive skills are learned. That means thinking and learning skills can be improved with practice and the right training. When a child learns to pay attention, it enables them to concentrate on one task or conversation for an extended period of time. Learning to focus attention is an important skill that the child will use in virtually all future learning.
Memory is an important skill that equips a child to retain what they have learned and experienced and therefore build a future base of knowledge. The ability to think includes being able to reason out tasks and find solutions. This cognitive skill helps a child to know whether they are accomplishing what they set out to do or whether they need to ask for help.