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Vaccination Chart for Babies in India and Latest Immunization Schedule

Vaccination Chart for Babies in India and Latest Immunization Schedule
newborn
Health & Wellness
Health

The latest vaccination chart as per the immunization schedule of India is mandatory for every parent to be aware of. The human body is designed to fight a lot of diseases thanks to its inbuilt defence system. However, proper vaccination chart for baby needs to be followed for some diseases, and this vaccination schedule must start from the time a human is born. Thus, your newborn baby needs to undergo a list of doses of vaccines as per the vaccination chart recommended by the paediatricians in India.

Vaccination Chart for Babies in India

Your baby between 0 to 12 months is considered to be a newborn baby and the picture above showcases all the necessary vaccines he needs to get a dose of.

Each vaccine helps prevent a disease from surfacing in your little one and hence, all of them are mandatory.

Primarily, the vaccination doses your newborn baby needs to get in the span of 0 to 12 months are:

BCG

Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination is given to combat Tuberculosis and also prevent TB Meningitis in your child. The vaccine contains live culture of the bacterium that causes TB in humans, but in a weakened form, which triggers the immune system of the child, preventing TB to attack the body. It is given at birth.

Your child just needs one dose of this vaccine, through injection mode

Hep B

The Hepatitis B vaccination is given to your child to prevent liver diseases caused by the Hepatitis B virus, which can cause liver cancer, liver failure and in some cases, death. Infected kids can also pass on the ailment to others without even knowing it, hence, the vaccination is a must! The first dose of vaccination is given at birth.

RECOMBIVAX HB Hepatitis B vaccine is non- infectious and is created out of a genetic recombination. It is made with the help of yeast. 

Your child would need a total of three doses for this vaccination at different intervals, which you can be notified of, on the Parentlane App.

OPV

Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) is given to prevent the polio disease in your child. It can be given orally (OPV) or via injection(IPV). OPV is a polio vaccine. It is made up of an inactivated non-wild strain of the virus which helps produce antibodies within the body. 

Your child will get a total of four doses of this immunization, out of which the first one will be at birth.

IPV

Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) is given to prevent polio disease in your child. It is a mandatory vaccine for all children. It contains a wild strain of inactivated poliovirus. It is usually given along with the DTP vaccine.

Your child will get a total of four doses of this immunization. 

DTP

To shield your baby against diseases like Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTP) which is also commonly known as whooping cough, this vaccination is mandatory.

The vaccine is a combination of three antigens-Diphtheria toxoids, Tetanus toxoid, and Pertussis. These antigens are inactivated to create the DTP vaccine. On receiving the vaccine, antibodies are produced within the body to fight occurrence of the diseases. 

Your child will get a total of three doses of this immunization, which would be followed by booster doses. The first dose of this vaccination needs to be given at six weeks.

Rota V

This vaccination is essential to protect your child against Rotavirus infection which can cause severe diarrhoea in children. The rotavirus vaccine is composed of 5 strains of inactivated rotaviruses. It is developed using DNA technology to build immunity in the infants against rotavirus infection. 

Your child will receive a total of three doses of this immunization, the first one being at six weeks.

PCV

Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) is given to prevent Pneumococcal infections in your child. The Pneumococcal bacteria cause ear infections, pneumonia of the lungs, bacteremia of the blood and brain meningitis. The PCV vaccine is inactivated and does not contain any live Pneumococcal bacteria. 

Your child will receive a total of four doses of this vaccination, the first one being at six weeks.

HiB

This vaccination is necessary to protect your child against Haemophilus Influenza type B (HiB) - a bacteria that causes diseases like Meningitis, Pneumonia and Epiglottitis. HiB is a conjugate vaccine. It consists of inactivated bacterial components which on being introduced to the body helps create immunity against the bacteria. 

Your child will receive a total of three doses of this immunization, the first one being at six weeks.

MMR

The MMR vaccination is mandatory to prevent your child from diseases like Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR). The vaccine contains live, attenuated measles, mumps and rubella virus with Moraten and Edmonston- Zagreb strain in Genotype A. 

Your child will get a total of three doses of this immunization, from which the first one needs to be given at 9 months.

Typhoid

The Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine (TCV) is given to prevent typhoid in your child. It is made up of Purified Vi polysaccharide from the TY2 S or Typhi Strain. 

Your child needs a total of two doses of this immunization, out of which the first one needs to be somewhere between 9 to 12 months.

Hep A

The Hepatitis A vaccination is a mandatory one to prevent chronic liver infections, protection from Hepatitis A Virus.

Hepatitis A is made from sterile suspension of inactivated virus(Strain HM 175) propagated in MRC-5.

Your child would need a total of three doses of this immunization out of which the first one needs to be given at 12 months.

Things to remember to ease your child's pain after Vaccination:

Stay relaxed during the vaccination

-Your panic would only put your baby into more distress.

Ask for combination shots of vaccines if required

-Ask your doctor if several vaccines can be combined into one shot in your child's vaccination schedule, for less pain in your baby.

Enquire about alternatives to vaccination shots

-Ask your doctor if any needle-free alternative is available instead of vaccine shots, such as oral drops.

Rub the area injected after vaccination for at least 10 seconds

-The massage will create a distraction from pain for your baby.

Enquire about numbing cream before vaccination

-Ask your doctor if numbing cream can be applied on the area before vaccination.

Distract your baby during the vaccination process

-Keep her favorite toy or any other object of fascination handy so that your baby is distracted from the pain of the vaccination shot.

Sugar can be a big help during vaccination

-Dip pacifier in sugar water and let your baby suck it to avoid any vaccination sting.

 

Tips to remember when going for your child's immunization schedule:

 

Avoid pre-dosing your baby with panadol

It is important that you avoid giving panadol to your little one before injections with the thought that it would ease her pain, but in reality, it can only mask a reaction from the injection. Don't give it after the injection either, unless your doctor asks you to.

Keep feed ready for your baby right after the injection

The pain after vaccination for baby can be soothed as soon as you breastfeed or bottlefeed her, cuddling her close to you simultaneously. The pain will soon fade away and she would be coming back to her normal self sooner than you had thought.

Always let someone else hold your baby during the vaccination

This is something that most parents miss but is very important. Your baby feels the safest with you, and if you hold her during the vaccination, she won't be able to see your face as the doctor/nurse injects her with the vaccine. So instead, you should let someone else hold your baby, while you stand right in front of her, and give her all the comfort and assurance she needs that no harm would come her way. This will make her feel less scared.

Be prepared for some side effects

This is generally for the vaccines given at 6 weeks, 4 and 6 months, as the side effects from these can last for up to a week. But there's nothing to worry about since these are absolutely normal. However, if you find any of it lasting for more than a week, feel free to consult your doctor. You can check the list of possible side effects of each vaccine on the Parentlane App.

To have the complete vaccination chart for baby, create his profile on Parentlane App today, and get timely alerts on all vaccination doses and timings without any failure.