Vomiting in toddlers is very common. It leaves them unsettled and is the cause your worry. The food your baby has eaten may regurgitate the food immediately or within few minutes through the mouth. Though it is very common for kids it can be associated with many ailments and can be indicative of some underlying trouble inside the body of your baby. It may be a case of gastroenteritis but if the occurrence is more often and if your child is not gaining enough weight it is a matter of concern, do not neglect it or leave it untreated.
Causes of vomiting in toddlers
Though vomiting can be associated with many factors as gentle as that of indigestion but may at times be a matter of concern and can be caused due to the following factors:
The most common reason for vomiting in kids is due to bacterial or viral infection of the intestine. It often is treated on its own using home remedies.
This one is a matter of concern and needs medical attention where a swollen area can be experienced in the lower abdomen or the groin. Your baby may have nausea or constant constipation due to the same.
Ingestion of foreign substances
Throwing up may be associated with ingestion of some undesirable substance like a medicine, stale food or anything lying unattended as babies have a tendency to put anything and everything in their mouth.
A concussion or a brain injury caused by a sudden jerk or sudden shake of the head or from falling off the bed or a high rise chair may be the reason for the throwing up.
When your kid’s body equilibrium is disturbed due to the motion and the body gets tensed due to shifting focus of the body, it results in vomiting.
Intolerance and allergy of food
In case of allergy with a certain food product, inflammation of the intestine may cause vomiting and so is the case in intolerance; your baby may not be able to digest certain foods and may end throwing up.
Tumors and ulcers
In case of a tumor of the brain or any trouble related to the brain may cause vomiting, similarly, ulcers in the stomach or intestine may cause inflammation and perforation inside, eventually leading to vomits.
Any infection related to lungs, stomach, and intestine, may lead to vomit. Many times urinary tract infection becomes the reason for a throw-up.
As we are now aware of the reason associated with vomiting, it is always a matter of concern. At times overeating, certain medication which leads to vomit as one of the side effects or a cough and cold may be the reason for throwing up. Indigestion can also be attributed to vomiting as the food undigested may find a way upwards and be let out of the body.
Treatment for vomiting in toddlers: Some home remedies
An occasional vomit may not require any medical intervention and can be easily treated at home by following these measures:
Cleanliness and hygiene
Maintain high levels of cleanliness and create a hygienic environment at your place. Prefer nothing lies unattended on the floor and is out of your toddler’s reach.
Increased intake of fluids and water
Vomiting may lead to dehydration and loss of vitals from the body, thus it is important for you to increase water and fluid intake.
Vomiting may cause electrolyte imbalance in the body of your toddler. A homemade electrolyte solution of sugar and salt may retrieve all the lost nutrients.
Control acid producing foods
Citrus fruits, sweets, coffee, and chocolates often cause acid reflux. Try to eliminate such foods from your toddler's diet.
Controlling the food allergies and food intolerance is a must in order to control vomit.
Proper rest, sleep and care can keep vomit at bay.
In case of severe vomits, get some medicine for better treatment and an early recovery.
Also, do not push your baby to eat too much instead give him more fluids like coconut water, buttermilk or pomegranate juice.
Vomiting in toddlers: When should your toddler visit a doctor?
Although normal vomiting in your toddler may recover within a day or two, if the condition worsens or no improvement is witnessed, it is necessary to visit a doctor. In following situation rush to a doctor immediately:
• If the vomit is associated with blood, it is indicative of a serious health trouble in the intestine or esophagus.
• If your child has a high fever, acute diarrhea followed by vomiting, it is advisable to rush to a medical practitioner.
• If throwing up is accompanied by tiredness, any sign of inflammation or swelling in any part of the body and a slow pulse rate, it needs immediate medical attention.