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Second Trimester Tests During Pregnancy in Hubli

By the second trimester, you might be very excited to know about your baby’s growth. Prenatal tests give you a clearer picture about your baby’s overall development. It also gives more closer insight about your baby’s growth and possibilities of abnormalities if any. In the first trimester you might have undergone various blood tests and urine test to confirm pregnancy and to identify any potential risks. These tests are done together with the routine tests that you will undergo every trimester.

Your healthcare provider might ask you to go through different tests based on your health needs. If you need any assistance in prescriptions for these tests, learning more about these tests or reviewing test reports with your doctor, you can book an online consultation with experienced doctors here and also book your tests instantly online for sample collection from the comfort of your home. 

Pregnancy Tests in Second Trimester in Hubli

Second Trimester
17th Week

Recommended

34% OFF

Triple marker Test

Includes: 3 Parameters

  • ALPHA FETO PROTEIN (AFP)

  • BETA HCG

  • UNCONJUGATED ESTRIOL (E3)

7921200
Second Trimester
17th Week

Recommended

34% OFF

Quadruple marker

Includes: 7 Parameters

  • ALPHA FETO PROTEIN (AFP)

  • BETA HCG

  • UNCONJUGATED ESTRIOL (E3)

19803000
Second Trimester
20th Week

Mandatory

34% OFF

Gestational Diabetes Screening

Includes: 1 Parameters

  • GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE

330500
Second Trimester
24th Week

Mandatory

34% OFF

HIV Screening

Includes: 1 Parameters

  • HIV - 1 & II

198300

Second Trimester Routine Tests

The routine tests include weight assessment, blood pressure test, urine tests and tests to understand the growth of your baby. You may start hearing your baby’s heartbeat too.

Body weight assessment  - In the second trimester your weight should be steadier and more gradual. If you are not gaining weight at all or gaining weight at a faster pace then your healthcare provider will identify this in the weight assessment, and you will be guided with the necessary measures to take. Overweight or underweight can cause birth defects in babies.

Blood Pressure assessment  - Usually, blood pressure tends to drop a little during the second trimester and becomes normal during the end of pregnancy. But in some pregnant women, high blood pressure is observed. This needs to be identified and treated to avoid preterm delivery or chances of stroke.

Urine Tests Analysis - A urine screen or Urine analysis is primarily performed to check for urinary tract infections, more commonly known as UTIs. You might be more prone to UTI when you are pregnant. Occasionally, the urine screen may also pick up other abnormalities of renal function, such as protein or excess sugar. Although small amounts of both protein and glucose are normally present in urine, high levels can also indicate a problem and may require for further testing.

Baby’s growth Assessment - The factors assessed to measure baby’s growth are,

  1. Fundal height-Your healthcare provider will measure the height of your baby.
  2. Fetal heart tones- Using ultrasound, fetal heartbeat is heard by your healthcare provider

Second Trimester Blood Tests, Scans

Triple marker test-- Triple marker test also called multiple marker test or quad screen (depending on how many substances are measured) is a prenatal test which is used to screen chromosomal disorders and neural tube defects. It is a common screening test in the second trimester. In this test a sample of blood is collected to measure levels of AFP(Alpha fetoprotein), HCG(Human chorionic gonadotropin)and Estriol.The levels of these substances help doctors to identify risk of birth defects. More number of markers tested helps to identify problems accurately.

Quadruple marker test-Quadruple marker test or Screening for Chromosomal Abnormalities Birth Defects test is a blood test recommended in the 2nd trimester between 15 to 20 weeks to check for open neural tube defects in the fetus. This test also screens the risk for Neural tube defect, Down's and Edwards's syndrome in fetus.

Ultrasound Scan- Ultrasound scan which is also known as sonograms, is done in the second trimester to see the baby's anatomy and to confirm that the baby is developing normally. Ultrasounds are done between 18-20 weeks of pregnancy. Ultrasound also reveals crucial information such as tentative due date, multiple fetus, fetal defects, cleft palate or complications like placenta previa which is low lying placenta.

During the ultrasound scan, a device is moved across the abdomen to get images of the uterus and fetus. This is tracked by a computer monitor.

Glucose screening- This test checks for gestational diabetes which is also a diabetes that develops in women during pregnancy. This test is usually done in 24th-28th week of pregnancy. This creates pregnancy complications if not diagnosed and treated early. These complications include big babies, preterm deliveries, or stillbirth. Initially there will be a one-hour glucose screening test. During this test, a liquid with glucose will be given to you. Your blood sugar level will be measured after an hour. If this sugar level is high, then you will be asked to undergo a 3-hour glucose test. If result of 3-hour test too comes high then you will be diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Your healthcare provider will ask you to follow certain lifestyle and medications to bring your blood sugar level to normal.

Second Trimester Screening Tests

Based on your age, family history and other factors, you might be asked to undergo certain screening tests. It includes,

Amniocentesis- Amniocentesis is done by sampling amniotic fluid surrounding the baby to identify risks of genetic disorders or neural tube defects.it is done between 15-20 weeks of pregnancy. It is usually recommended for women above the age of 35 or for those whose triple or quadruple marker results were suspicious. A needle is inserted in the abdomen to remove amniotic fluid. Amniocentesis results can confirm chances of chromosomal disorder like Down syndrome or birth defects.

Percutaneous umbilical cord Sampling-PUBS is done in the 18th week of pregnancy to determine the blood flow direction in the umbilical cord to determine fetal defects. Sometimes umbilical chorionic sampling is done in addition to amniocentesis or ultrasound if your doctor wants to check your baby’s chromosome to identify defects. It is also done to check whether the baby has a thyroid condition or low platelet count. PUBS contains a high level of risk on babies hence rarely recommended. It uses blood than amniotic fluid to do the analysis.

Fetoscopy- Fetoscopy is very uncommon among the second trimester screening tests. Fetoscopy is a screening test which is used to diagnose birth defects that other tests like amniocentesis or ultrasound fails to detect. In this procedure a doctor sees the fetus through a thin and flexible instrument which is called a fetoscope. This test is less common because it poses risk to the mother and the fetus.

You might also be recommended to get Thyroid Profile, TORCH (Toxoplasmosis, rubella cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, and HIV), Anti-HCV, tuberculosis, fragile X syndrome, Cytomegalovirus(CMV)

These tests are done to get information about your and your baby’s health. Recommendation for a particular test depends on your health or diagnosis needs as per your healthcare provider’s observation.