The second trimester is the period between Week 13 and Week 27 of pregnancy. Also coined as the ‘honeymoon period,’ the second trimester for most of the women is one the most comfortable three months of the entire gestational period. As you move towards the second trimester, your body gets used to the hormonal and physical changes that were causing problems in the initial three months.
With early pregnancy symptoms like morning sickness & fatigue gone, you will start feeling like your old self again. At this stage, your baby is not big enough to cause discomfort and this will keep you at ease physically. Second trimester is the perfect time when you can enjoy your pregnancy and plan for your baby’s arrival.
However, significant fetal development occurs during the second trimester and your body will also undergo significant physical changes, starting from increased belly size to stretch marks.
Here is a list of some common physical changes that will help you keep a tap on what physical changes to expect during the second trimester:
Braxton Hicks Contractions is quite normal at this stage, however, please consult your doctor if the contractions become painful and regular as it can be a sign of preterm labour.
These patches are known as chloasma, melasma or mask of pregnancy and often fades away post-delivery. Chloasma occurs due to the production of tanning hormone, melanin, that protects your skin from ultraviolet rays. However, do visit a dermatologist if pigmentation is severe.
Eating a healthy diet, drinking lots of fluid, hydrating your skin with your favourite moisturizer or coconut oil can help. Using products with ingredients like avocado peptides, beeswax, shea butter, pomegranate, and baobab helps in reducing the intensity of stretch marks and also combats itchiness.
This discharge is essential during pregnancy as it helps in removing dead cells from the vagina, protects the birth canal from infections, and helps maintain healthy bacterial balance in the vagina.
However, if the discharge is accompanied by a strong smell, colour, pain, or itchiness, please consult your doctor as it can happen due to vaginal infection.
Visit your doctor immediately, if you have pain while urination, notice itchiness in your vaginal area, have a fever or backache.
Not to be missed: Prenatal care during the second trimester
During the second trimester, prenatal care is more focused towards baby’s growth and also covers any discomfort that you might be facing. Generally, to evaluate the mother’s health, doctors check weight, urine, blood, vitamin/iron/mineral level, and size of the belly.
Doctors also check for preeclampsia,a pregnancy complication that is accompanies high blood pressure and organ damage (mainly liver & kidney). Preeclampsia usually begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy and if untreated can be fatal to both mother and the baby.
To order to check your baby’s health, the doctor will ask you to undergo an ultrasound scan and a few other prenatal screening tests.
However, if you are feeling any unusual change in your body or symptoms, visit your doctor and get discomforts diagnosed immediately.
There are several stem cell banking companies that offer early bird enrolment for stem cell banking. But it is vital to choose the one that ensures the safety of your baby’s stem cells along with your entire family’s health. LifeCell International is India’s premier community stem cell bank that offers stem cell protection for the baby and entire family at the cost of single enrollment.
More than anything else, don’t forget to enjoy this golden period. Utilize this honeymoon period and prepare yourself for the changes that future awaits.
Disclaimer : Content presented here is for information purposes only, please consult with your doctor for any health queries
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